ESG Forces Reshaping the Financial Sector

ESG considerations have become integral to strategy development and financial decision-making.

These days, ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) has become one of the main topics when discussing businesses risk and opportunity, alongside AI. Consequently, ESG considerations have become integral to strategy development and financial decision-making. As companies strive for sustainability and responsible practices, banks and investment funds play a crucial role in supporting and financing these efforts. In this context the major banks in Australia have been increasingly incorporating ESG principles into their lending processes.

In this blog post, we’ll explore a few specific aspects such as the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero (GFANZ), the Equator Principles and the upcoming Climate-related Financial Disclosure law that shape the ESG context of the major Australian banks in a B2B lending environment.

ESG Lending and Its Importance

As the world is moving towards integrating sustainability performance in investment decisions, using a set of newly standardised ESG metrics adopted by an increasing number of nations and regulating bodies, financial institutions play a central role in disseminating these throughout the economy while implementing a set of responsible lending practices. It comes to no surprise that, for the time being, the main focus area is related to climate change and the associated financial risk, broadly termed and assessed as financial materiality.

The Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero (GFANZ) and the Equator Principles

While not specifically known to many of the sustainability enthusiasts outside the financial sector, the GFANZ and the Equator Principles are two of the main frameworks and guidelines adopted by the international and Australian financial institutions on their journey to promote sustainable finance and address climate change.

GFANZ and the Net Zero Banking Alliance (NZBA)

GFANZ is a coalition of leading financial institutions committed to accelerating the transition to a net-zero future. It includes various region and sector-specific alliances, such as the APAC Network, Africa Network, and Latin America and Caribbean Network. Their focus is on aligning financial activities with climate goals. It has developed a draft framework that guides financial institutions in taking concrete steps and implementing holistic business strategy changes to achieve net-zero emissions.

The sector-specific alliance for banks under GFANZ is known as the Net Zero Banking Alliance (NZBA). This is an industry-led, UN-convened group of more than 130 global banks committed to financing ambitious climate action. Their mission is to transition the real economy to net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

Equator Principles

The Equator Principles (EPs) are a set of voluntary guidelines for financial institutions to assess and manage environmental and social risks in project financing, which have been adopted by many major banks and financial institutions worldwide. The EPs provide a common baseline for responsible lending, emphasizing ESG considerations. They apply across all industry sectors and financial products, including project finance, advisory services, and corporate loans.

Financial institutions use EPs to evaluate borrowers’ ESG performance and incorporate it into lending decisions. They commit to assessing projects against a set of 10 principles. These principles cover areas such as social and environmental assessment, stakeholder engagement, and transparency.


While GFANZ focuses on broader net-zero transition strategies, the Equator Principles provide specific guidelines for assessing environmental and social risks in financing.

Financial institutions that are part of GFANZ can use the Equator Principles as a complementary tool to ensure their responsible financing practices are aligned with sustainability goals.

Both GFANZ and the Equator Principles contribute to sustainable finance, but they operate at different levels: GFANZ addresses overall net-zero transition, while the Equator Principles focus on project-specific assessments.

Climate-related Financial Disclosures Law

Looking towards the future, the incoming Treasury Laws Amendment Bill 2024 – Climate-related Financial Disclosures aims to enhance transparency and accountability regarding climate risks in the financial sector. If this bill is signed into law, it could significantly impact lending practices, including ESG considerations by banks since the vast majority of them will be part of the first cohort the law applies to.

Here are some potential changes:

  • Banks and financial institutions may be required to disclose the governance practices, strategy, risk management, metrics and targets used to manage and reduce climate risk in their downstream (scope 3) and upstream (financed emissions) supply chains, alongside their own (scope 1 and 2) climate-related risks, alongside their impact on lending decisions.
  • Subsequently, banks might incorporate climate risk assessments into their standard lending processes. Borrowers would need to address climate risks explicitly.
  • ESG factors related to climate change (such as carbon emissions, adaptation strategies, and transition risks) would become more critical. Businesses seeking loans would need to align with climate goals.
  • ESG-linked loans may become more common, incentivizing borrowers to adopt sustainable practices. Interest rates could be tied to climate performance.

Keep in mind that the specifics depend on the final version of the bill and its implementation. Once it becomes law however, businesses seeking loans will likely face more explicit ESG requirements, including climate-related disclosures.

Remember, ESG isn’t just about reporting and finance risk! It is about making informed decisions that benefit both your business and society. As businesses are increasingly faced with the new reality in their relationship with their financing bodies, they will have to act and demonstrate in specific and practical terms how they meet the emerging criteria. It’s time to start doing! Let’s build a more sustainable future together!

Treasury Laws Amendment Bill 2024: Climate-related financial disclosure – Exposure draft

Disclaimer: This blog post provides general information and does not constitute financial advice. Consult with a professional for personalized guidance.

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